Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments

International Marine Litter Research Unit publications

accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments

Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments plastic debris has accumulated in terrestrial environments, in the.

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This site uses cookies to make the site simpler. Find out more about cookies. Allsopp, M. Balazs, G. Impact of ocean debris on marine turtles: Entanglement and ingestion. Yoshida Eds.

Language Label Description Also known as English Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments. Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments English. Richard C. Richard C Thompson. Francois Galgani.

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B , doi Accumulation and fragmentation of plastic debris in global environments David K. Within just a few decades since mass production of plastic products commenced in the s, plastic debris has accumulated in terrestrial environ- ments, in the open ocean, on shorelines of even the most remote islands and in the deep sea. Annual clean-up operations, costing millions of pounds sterling, are now organized in many countries and on every continent. Here we document global plastics production and the accumu- lation of plastic waste.



Sources of plastic marine debris on beaches of Korea: More from the ocean than the land

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Plastic pollution is ubiquitous throughout the marine environment, yet estimates of the global abundance and weight of floating plastics have lacked data, particularly from the Southern Hemisphere and remote regions. Using an oceanographic model of floating debris dispersal calibrated by our data, and correcting for wind-driven vertical mixing, we estimate a minimum of 5. This is an open-access article, free of all copyright, and may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, built upon, or otherwise used by anyone for any lawful purpose. The work is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication. Data Availability: The authors confirm that all data underlying the findings are fully available without restriction. These data are available at figshare.

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