# How to interpret mean and standard deviation in spss

## SPSS tutorials A standard deviation is a number that tells us how far a set of numbers lie apart. Explanation in simple language with clear illustrations and basic formulas. Note that all three have a mean of over our 5 applicants. However, the scores on.

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The frequencies command can be used to determine quartiles, percentiles, measures of central tendency mean, median, and mode , measures of dispersion range, standard deviation, variance, minimum and maximum , measures of kurtosis and skewness, and create histograms. The command is found at Analyze Descriptive Statistics Frequencies this is shorthand for clicking on the Analyze menu item at the top of the window, and then clicking on Descriptive Statistics from the drop down menu, and Frequencies from the pop up menu. Then click on the arrow button to move the variable into the Variables pane: Be sure to select "Display frequency tables" if you want a frequency distribution. Specify which statistics you want to perform by clicking on the Statistics button. The Statistics dialog box will appear: From the statistics dialog box, click on the desired statistics that you want to perform. To calculate a given percentile, click in the box to the left of percentile s. Type in the desired percentile and click on the Add button.

By Deborah J. Standard deviation can be difficult to interpret as a single number on its own. Basically, a small standard deviation means that the values in a statistical data set are close to the mean of the data set, on average, and a large standard deviation means that the values in the data set are farther away from the mean, on average. The standard deviation measures how concentrated the data are around the mean; the more concentrated, the smaller the standard deviation. A small standard deviation can be a goal in certain situations where the results are restricted, for example, in product manufacturing and quality control. A particular type of car part that has to be 2 centimeters in diameter to fit properly had better not have a very big standard deviation during the manufacturing process. For example, if you look at salaries for everyone in a certain company, including everyone from the student intern to the CEO, the standard deviation may be very large.

Standard deviation is a number used to tell how measurements for a group are spread out from the average mean , or expected value. A low standard deviation means that most of the numbers are close to the average. A high standard deviation means that the numbers are more spread out. The reported margin of error is usually twice the standard deviation. Scientists commonly report the standard deviation of numbers from the average number in experiments.

Use N to know how many observations are in your sample. Minitab does not include missing values in this count. You should collect a medium to large sample of data. Samples that have at least 20 observations are often adequate to represent the distribution of your data. However, to better represent the distribution with a histogram, some practitioners recommend that you have at least 50 observations. Larger samples also provide more precise estimates of the process parameters, such as the mean and standard deviation.

## Calculate Mean & Standard Deviation in SPSS

Analyzing data is great in SPSS. If you entered the correct data points and clicked on the correct analysis it is highly likely that you will have calculated your results correctly.

## One-Sample T-Test using SPSS Statistics

This quick tutorial will teach you how to calculate the mean and standard deviation of a set of data in SPSS. You want to find out the mean and standard deviation of the duration variable. In other words, you want to know the average time it took to do the task, and how much the times vary — their spread. You need to get the variable for which you want to know the mean and standard deviation into the variables box on the right as per the image above. This can be done by selecting it on the left, and then clicking the blue arrow button. Now choose Options, and select Mean and Std.

A standard deviation is a number that tells us to what extent a set of numbers lie apart. A standard deviation can range from 0 to infinity. A standard deviation of 0 means that a list of numbers are all equal -they don't lie apart to any extent at all. Five applicants took an IQ test as part of a job application. Their scores on three IQ components are shown below. Descriptive statistics are useful for describing the basic features of data, for example, the summary statistics for the scale variables and measures of the data. In a research study with large data, these statistics may help us to manage the data and present it in a summary table. -

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## Standard deviation

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## 2 thoughts on “How to interpret mean and standard deviation in spss”

1. Maggie P. says:

The data used in these examples were collected on high schools students and are scores on various tests, including science, math, reading and social studies socst.

2. Gay L. says:

The one-sample t-test is used to determine whether a sample comes from a population with a specific mean.