Difference between treaty of waitangi and declaration of independence

The Declaration of the Independence of New Zealand

difference between treaty of waitangi and declaration of independence

The self-declared nobleman's claims were in the end easily dismissed, but the Te Whakaminenga was to meet at Waitangi each autumn to frame laws, and in the British crown via the Treaty of Waitangi, the Declaration had to be revoked.

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Username or Email Address. Remember Me. In a departure from previous practice, the Tribunal agreed to a stage 1 process comprising five weeks of hearings from 10 May to 24 February devoted exclusively to determining the meaning and effect of four documents:. There was a wide range of evidence, and many somewhat conflicting threads within the evidence given and the submissions made, yet the Tribunal came to a number of clear and unambiguous findings. Its most significant conclusion was stated in these words at Rather, they agreed to share power and authority with the Governor.

James Busby called a hui meeting at Waitangi for the chiefs to sign the Declaration. He along with Henry Williams and William Colenso drafted the declaration. The Declaration of Independence was closely followed by the Treaty of Waitangi. Te Ara, the Encyclopedia of New Zealand is filled with rich knowledge on historical events such as the Declaration of Independence. Te Ara is an excellent starting point for all questions about New Zealand Aotearoa.

On 28 October James Busby took this a step further at a hui meeting he had called at Waitangi. Busby had acted partly in response to Frenchman Charles Philippe de Thierry, who had announced plans to proclaim an independent state in Hokianga. He Whakaputanga which can be translated as 'an emergence' or 'declaration' consisted of four articles. Thirty-four northern chiefs signed He Whakaputanga on 28 October Busby sent it to the King, and it was formally acknowledged by the Crown in May Busby saw the Declaration as a step towards making New Zealand a British possession.

Maori Law Review

Declaration of the Independence of New Zealand

In northern chiefs signed a Declaration of Independence, asserting their sovereignty over New Zealand. The declaration had been drafted by a British official, prompted in part by rumours that a Frenchman was planning to declare himself the king of New Zealand. Baron de Thierry's coat of arms. In the early s, before New Zealand was a British colony, many European traders, whalers and settlers arrived here. Busby arrived in Waitangi, in the Bay of Islands, in In March Busby called together chiefs in Northland to decide on a flag.

The declaration was signed in by 35 Rangatira maori leaders and four British Residents. It document provided a portal for the Treaty of Waitangi negotiations. The 35 signatories declared that all power and authority resided with the hereditary rangatira who agreed to act collectively. A copy of the document went to King William IV of England asking him to act as protector of the new state. Indigenous peoples are equal to all other peoples and have all the human rights that everyone has — including the right to self determination; the right to be free from discrimination; the right to be respected as distinct peoples. It advocates for collective as well as individual rights.

Ingrid L M Huygens is self-employed as a national Treaty educator, and is also national coordinator for the charitable organisastion Tangata Tiriti - Treaty People Incorporated. Republish our articles for free, online or in print, under Creative Commons licence. The signing of the treaty confirmed formal European settlement in New Zealand. But debate and confusion have continued ever since regarding the exact meaning of the treaty text. Read more: New Zealand's indigenous reconciliation efforts show having a treaty isn't enough.

The question of sovereignty

By , 52 chiefs had signed. In the process of signing, the chiefs established themselves as representing a confederation under the title of the " United Tribes of New Zealand ". Missionaries Henry Williams and George Clarke translated the Declaration and signed as witnesses; [3] merchants James Clendon and Gilbert Mair also signed as witnesses. The Declaration arose in response to concerns over the lawlessness of British subjects in New Zealand, and in response to a fear that France would declare sovereignty over the islands. At this time a Frenchman, Charles de Thierry [5] —who titled himself 'Charles, Baron de Tierry, Sovereign Chief of New Zealand and King of Nuku Hiva ' in the Marquesas Islands —was seeking to establish a colony on a 16,hectare 40,acre plot of land he claimed to have purchased in the Hokianga. In , the chiefs had selected a flag for use on ships originating from New Zealand. The need for a flag of New Zealand first became clear when the merchant ship the Sir George Murray , built in the Hokianga , was seized by customs officials in the port of Sydney.

Rt Hon Dame Sian Elias : The use of the word mana in the Declaration of Independence makes it quite clear that mana was not ceded in the Treaty of Waitangi and that the use of the word kawanatanga was absolutely deliberate. Dr Donald Brash : I suspect a deliberate obfuscation actually. Haami Piripi : It is true that we ceded aspects of our life, aspects of our authority but in our, from our, view we can find no documentation, oral or written or otherwise, that we ever ceded our sovereignty. Dr Donald Brash : It's clear from the speeches they made prior to signing the Treaty, they understood that they were being asked to cede some kind of superior governance to Queen Victoria. The word sovereignty might not have been understood fully but they were clearly aware of the fact that if they signed that Treaty, the Queen would in some sense be above them.


The Declaration of the Independence of New . was not ceded in their signing of the Treaty of Waitangi. is in the process of considering the Maori and Crown.
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