Difference between malnutrition and undernutrition

Undernutrition or malnutrition?

difference between malnutrition and undernutrition

What's the difference between malnutrition and undernutrition? How does hidden hunger factor in? These are questions we encounter.

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There are 4 broad sub-forms of undernutrition: wasting, stunting, underweight, and deficiencies in vitamins and minerals. Undernutrition makes children in particular much more vulnerable to disease and death. Low weight-for-height is known as wasting. A young child who is moderately or severely wasted has an increased risk of death, but treatment is possible. Low height-for-age is known as stunting. Stunting holds children back from reaching their physical and cognitive potential.

Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems. Undernourishment is most often due to not enough high-quality food being available to eat. Efforts to improve nutrition are some of the most effective forms of development aid. In the elderly , undernutrition becomes more common due to physical, psychological, and social factors. Unless specifically mentioned otherwise, the term malnutrition refers to undernutrition for the remainder of this article. SAM refers to children with severe acute malnutrition. MAM refers to moderate acute malnutrition.

It can lead to serious health issues, including stunted growth, eye problems, diabetes and heart disease.
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Nutrition and children Low High bandwidth Real player. Progress for Children: Nutrition. This report card primarily uses the term undernutrition , defined as the outcome of insufficient food intake hunger and repeated infectious diseases. When individuals are undernourished, they can no longer maintain natural bodily capacities, such as growth, resisting infections and recovering from disease, learning and physical work, and pregnancy and lactation in women. The second target of MDG 1 is to reduce the proportion of people who suffer from hunger by half between and The indicator by which progress is measured and the focus of this report card is the prevalence of underweight in children under five, specifically, the percentage of children aged 059 months who fall below minus two standard deviations from the median weight for age of the standard reference population. Trend analysis is based on a subset of 73 countries with available trend data for , covering 86 per cent of children in developing countries.

These terms are not synonymous. Undernutrition is a deficiency of nutrients, while malnutrition refers to an unbalanced diet due to an excess or deficiency. Malnutrition due to too much food is the most common form in developed countries. Any of these problems can have very serious long-term health consequences for the child. Differences between undernutrition and malnutrition.


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