Who dropped the bomb on hiroshima and nagasaki

Hiroshima atomic bomb: The US nuclear attack that changed history

who dropped the bomb on hiroshima and nagasaki

Responsibility for the timing of the second bombing was by Sweeney using Bockscar as the drop airplane.

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On 6th August , an atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima by US air forces. This was the first time a nuclear weapon had ever been used; the fireball created by the bomb destroyed 13 square kilometres of the city, and those dead as a result numbered up to , Three days later, a second atomic bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki, killing between 50, and , people. Hiroshima stands on a flat river delta, with few hills or natural features to limit the blast. The bomb was dropped on the city centre, an area crowded with wooden residential structures and places of business. These factors meant that the death toll and destruction in Hiroshima was particularly high.

For years debate has raged over whether the US was right to drop two atomic bombs on Japan during the final weeks of the Second World War. The first bomb, dropped on the city of Hiroshima on 6 August , resulted in a death toll of around , The second, which hit Nagasaki on 9 August, killed at least 50, people and according to some estimates, as many as 74, died. But was the US justified? We put the question to two History Extra readers

Southeast Asia. Southwest Pacific. North America. Manchuria and North Korea. The United States detonated two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, , respectively, with the consent of the United Kingdom, as required by the Quebec Agreement. The two bombings killed between , and , people, most of whom were civilians, and remain the only use of nuclear weapons in armed conflict.



Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

The explosion wiped out 90 percent of the city and immediately killed 80, people; tens of thousands more would later die of radiation exposure. Three days later, a second B dropped another A-bomb on Nagasaki, killing an estimated 40, people. Even before the outbreak of war in , a group of American scientistsómany of them refugees from fascist regimes in Europeóbecame concerned with nuclear weapons research being conducted in Nazi Germany.

Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

For a detailed timeline of the bombings, please see Hiroshima and Nagasaki Bombing Timeline. On August 6, , the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. The bomb was known as "Little Boy", a uranium gun-type bomb that exploded with about thirteen kilotons of force. At the time of the bombing, Hiroshima was home to ,, civilians as well as 43, soldiers. Between 90, and , people are believed to have died from the bomb in the four-month period following the explosion.

As Japan marks 74th anniversary of world's first nuclear bomb attack, we examine the events that shaped history. In a speech, Hiroshima Mayor Kazumi Matsui called on the international community to work towards a world without atomic weapons. The devastation was unlike anything in the history of warfare, ushering in the era of weapons of mass destruction. Hiroshima was immediately flattened. The radius of total destruction was reportedly 1. Those outdoors were burned to death, while those indoors were killed by the indescribable pressure and heat.

Republish our articles for free, online or in print, under Creative Commons licence. - By Ryan Browne.

Why did the U.S. bomb Hiroshima?

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