Countries that were never colonized

10 Countries That Were Never Colonized

countries that were never colonized

There are two countries in Africa that are considered to have never been colonized. The truth, however, is much more complex and open to debate.

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Colonization or colonisation is a process by which a central system of power dominates the surrounding land and its components. Colonization refers strictly to migration, for example, to settler colonies in America or Australia, trading posts , and plantations , while colonialism to the existing indigenous peoples of styled "new territories". Colonization was linked to the spread of tens of millions from Western European states all over the world. In many settled colonies, Western European settlers eventually formed a large majority of the population after killing or driving away indigenous peoples. Examples include the Americas, Australia and New Zealand.

There are two countries in Africa that are considered by some scholars to never have been colonized: Liberia and Ethiopia. The truth, however, is much more complex and open to debate. The process of colonization is basically the discovery, conquest, and settlement of one political body over another. But the most extensive, most studied, and apparently the most damaging of the colonial actions is what scholars refer to as the Western Colonization, the efforts of the maritime European nations of Portugal , Spain, the Dutch Republic, France, England , and eventually Germany, Italy, and Belgium, to conquer the rest of the world. That began in the late 15th century, and by World War II, two-fifths of the world's land area and one-third of its population were in colonies; another third of the world's territory had been colonized but were now independent nations. And, many of those independent nations were made up primarily of the descendants of the colonizers, so the effects of Western colonization were never truly reversed. There are a handful of countries that were not subsumed by the juggernaut of Western colonization, including Turkey, Iran, China , and Japan.

Colonialism is generally accepted as a stain on Western history, a centuries-long period of subjugation by European powers whose effects are still viscerally felt in the countries that suffered under its yoke. In recent years, a new generation has been investigating the effects of colonialism on the development of countries, but generally in shades of gray: Did the French leave their colonies worse off than the Italians did? How much more damaging were the Belgians than the British? Few researchers have looked at countries that actually successfully resisted colonization. Where do they stack up today? A new study by Jacob Gerner Hariri, a political scientist at the University of Copenhagen, compares the strength of pre-colonial governments in countries with their current levels of democracy. Surprisingly, he found a "very robust negative association between precolonial state development and democracy outside Europe.

Between the 16th and 20th centuries, European powers attempted to control the rest of the world and all of its wealth. They were successful in controlling large parts of the Americas, Africa, Australia, and Asia. Some countries, however, were able to avoid colonization. This article takes a closer look at 10 of those countries. Saudi Arabia has been primarily ruled by tribal leaders from throughout the region. In the 16th century, the Ottoman Empire rule gained control of the majority of Saudi Arabia, and remained in power until During this Empire, the Saudi royal family began fighting for control of the country.

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8 Telltale Signs You’re an Expat in a Country that was Never Colonized

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Lessons from the uncolonized

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3 thoughts on “Countries that were never colonized

  1. There are few countries on the planet that did not have the influence of European colonizers brought upon them.

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