How does the ph scale work

Why is the pH Scale Logarithmic?

how does the ph scale work

Acids, Bases, and pH

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Basic substances include things like baking soda, soap, and bleach. Distilled water is a neutral substance. The pH scale, which measures from 0 to 14, provides an indication of just how acidic or basic a substance is. Most parts of our body excluding things like stomach acid measure around 7. If foreign strong substances dramatically change this pH, our bodies can no longer function properly. The pH scale ranges from 0 to

Last updated: May 23, I f it turns pink, it's acid I think—you probably learned that useful phrase once upon a time, along with the second half of the same rhyme: "and if it turns blue, it's an alkali true. It's relatively easy to compare your little strip of wet paper with the colors on a chart and figure out how acidic or alkaline something is on what's called the pH scale. But sometimes that's too crude a measurement. If you keep tropical fish, for example, or you're a gardener with specimens that like soil of a certain acidity or alkalinity, getting things wrong with the litmus risks killing off your prized pets or your plants. That's why many people invest in a meter that can measure pH directly.

The pH scale measures how acidic or basic a substance is. The pH scale ranges from 0 to A pH of 7 is neutral. A pH less than 7 is acidic. A pH greater than 7.
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The pH scale is logarithmic, essentially meaning the difference in 1 pH unit is a difference of 10 times! Last week we introduced exactly what we are measuring when we take a pH measurement — hydrogen ion activity. In environmental sampling and monitoring, high or low pH values can be indicative of pollution. These are just some of the applications in which pH plays a critical role. The term "pH" originates from Latin and is an acronym for "potentia hydrogenii" - the power of hydrogen. The pH scale is commonly used to represent hydrogen ion activity. On the pH scale, pH values below 7 represent acidic solutions hydrogen ion activity greater than hydroxide ion activity while values above 7 represent basic solutions.

Introduction and Definitions:. Acidic and basic are two extremes that describe a chemical property chemicals. Mixing acids and bases can cancel out or neutralize their extreme effects. A substance that is neither acidic nor basic is neutral. The pH scale measures how acidic or basic a substance is. The pH scale ranges from 0 to A pH of 7 is neutral.

Acidic solutions have a lower pH, while basic solutions have a higher pH. The pH scale is logarithmic and approximates the negative of the base 10 logarithm of the molar concentration measured in units of moles per liter of hydrogen ions in a solution. More precisely it is the negative of the base 10 logarithm of the activity of the hydrogen ion. The neutral value of the pH depends on the temperature, being lower than 7 if the temperature increases. The pH value can be less than 0 for very strong acids, or greater than 14 for very strong bases. The pH scale is traceable to a set of standard solutions whose pH is established by international agreement.



Acids, Bases, & the pH Scale

Because of its amphoteric nature i., In water H 2 O , a small number of the molecules dissociate split up. In pure water, there are an equal number of hydrogen ions and hydroxide ions.

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