Molecular formula of benzoic acid

Structural Formula

molecular formula of benzoic acid

(18O2)Benzoic acid | C7H6O2 | CID - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological.


Benzoic acid is a solid, white crystalline substance that is chemically classified as an aromatic carboxylic acid. Its molecular formula may be written as C7H6O2. Its chemical properties are based on the fact that each molecule consists of an acidic carboxyl group attached to an aromatic ring structure. The carboxyl group can undergo reactions to form products such as salts, esters, and acid halides. The aromatic ring can undergo reactions such as sulfonation, nitration and halogenation. Among aromatic carboxylic acids, benzoic acid has the simplest molecular structure, in which a single carboxyl group COOH is directly attached to a carbon atom of a benzene ring.

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The name is derived from gum benzoin , which was for a long time its only known source. Benzoic acid occurs naturally in many plants [9] and serves as an intermediate in the biosynthesis of many secondary metabolites. Salts of benzoic acid are used as food preservatives and benzoic acid is an important precursor for the industrial synthesis of many other organic substances. Benzoic acid was discovered in the sixteenth century. Pioneer work in through a variety of experiences based on amygdalin , obtained from bitter almonds the fruit of Prunus dulcis oil by Pierre Robiquet and Antoine Boutron-Charlard, two French chemists, had produced benzaldehyde [11] but they failed in working out a proper interpretation of the structure of amygdalin that would account for it, and thus missed the identification of the benzoyl radical C 7 H 5 O. In Salkowski discovered the antifungal abilities of benzoic acid, which was used for a long time in the preservation of benzoate-containing cloudberry fruits. It is also one of the chemical compounds found in castoreum.

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Benzoic acid


Benzoic Acid: Structure, Formula & Uses




Properties of Benzoic acid



5 thoughts on “Molecular formula of benzoic acid

  1. Benzoic acid | C6H5COOH or C7H6O2 | CID - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological.

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